What is full stack development?
“Front + Back = Full Stack Development”
The process of developing and maintaining the front-end and back-end of the website or application is known as full-stack development. This web development procedure includes three main layers:
- Presentation layer (that part of the front end that handles the user interface)
- Business logic layer (back-end section dealing with data validation)
- Database layer
It turns out to be extremely complicated and expensive to hire an expert to work on each of the various web development process subsystems. The number of people working in full-stack development has increased significantly in recent times. First, it should be noted that Full-stack software engineers are now required to have a wide variety of additional domain knowledge, such as cloud infrastructure and deployment and data analytics. New skills are brought by AI/ML technologies and the IoT (Internet of Things), which require further training. Therefore, addressing the needs for the client- and server-side functionality usually requires full-stack development.
Please continue reading this article for more information on how full stack development works:
What is Full Stack?
The phrase “full stack” refers to all the technology and capabilities needed to complete a project. The term “Stack” refers to a group of sub-modules. These software sub-modules or components work together to deliver the desired goal without the use of additional modules. To put it another way, the full stack is a group of frameworks, libraries, and tools for both server and client software that help in the efficient operation of an application or website. Stacks can be created for software, the web or mobile devices.
What is a full stack web developer?
The following are the main duties and responsibilities of someone working as a full-stack developer:
- There is a list of customer requirements.
- The development of user-friendly interfaces
- Evaluation of the project’s requirements and the development of suitable solutions
- Diagnose and resolve software issues
The following skills must be mastered to be a full-stack developer:
- Creating the website’s front section
- Web servers and APIs demonstrate the basics of design
- Management of databases for back-end development
- Possession of changes
Benefits of Full Stack Development
- Rounded solution – A person with a thorough understanding of all levels may be able to provide a well-rounded solution with fewer issues and more efficiency. The biggest advantage of full-stack development is that programmers can quickly build complex applications from scratch, as they are proficient in both frontend and backend technologies. As a result, it is significantly easier to test the product and debug the code. The final result of the solution development period is positively influenced by all these parameters. Because of this, you can launch it on the market quickly.
- Total ownership – The constant shifting of responsibility between the front and the back will be made clear. When reporting an error, the same applies. However, if a full-stack developer is working with you on a feature. As a result, whether a fault is identified on the front or back end, this resource is entirely responsible for its production and repair.
- Individual or unique codes – To make the software work, the project manager no longer needs to communicate with the front-end and back-end engineers. Now, full-stack developers can create apps and produce error-free, native scripts fairly quickly. The need to combine and connect code from two separate application development points is therefore eliminated.
- Reduce costs and time – When the same programmer or team handles both the front-end and back-end, full-stack development is affordable. A full-stack developer has a better idea of how the business should be shaped because of end-to-end visibility. It also makes switching between the front and rear easier because they can handle both. As a result, enterprises do not need to invest twice as much in the development of an application. Full-stack development’s ability to be cheap is one of its key advantages. The cost of creating an application is reduced when hiring a full-stack developer, as they are familiar with both frontend and backend technologies. This allows the project team to grow by simply adding a small number of people, saving on significant operational and contractual expenses.
- Excellent scalability – The added benefit of full-stack development is that it makes an organization’s applications more scalable. Scalability is crucial because it allows organizations to handle increased loads or traffic without having to make expensive software updates. Businesses can guarantee that they can continue to meet their customers’ expectations as they grow by promoting the scalability of their applications. By creating a solid and adaptable design, full-stack development helps improve scalability.
- Simple updates and maintenance – A developer can easily provide updates based on user needs if they create apps that use full-stack technology. They are familiar with the coding because they work on both the front end and the back end of the program. When the app needs upgrades and the code necessitates a new feature available through both online and mobile apps, they can optimize it.
- Greater learning leads to more opportunities – Working on the whole stack allows developers to learn more. Moreover, it gives them more chances to expand their territories. Some of these programmers develop a mindset focused on finding solutions. Additionally, these engineers have a wealth of learning opportunities in both the front-end and back-end areas. This enables people to continuously develop, improve and study their skills during their employment.
Technical skills required to be a full stack developer
To excel in the profession of Full Stack Developer, one needs to have a vast knowledge of a number of talents rather than just a formal degree. If you want to establish yourself as a full-stack developer, you need to be proficient in a few key technologies. The technologies you need to master are listed in the following brief overview:
- HTML and CSS – You need a solid understanding of HTML and CSS to get started in a career in web development. Hypertext Markup Language or HTML is a programming language used in front-end technology. You can style and modify the HTML components using the styling language known as Cascading Sheet Styles, or CSS. By having a solid knowledge of these fundamentals up front, you can start your path to becoming a full-stack developer.
- Git and GitHub – It is popular among both novice and professional developers. Developers can work on, manage and evaluate multiple projects simultaneously using the GitHub platform. It establishes a hub for networking and communication with other developers, as the name would imply. Git features are used by GitHub to provide the ideal environment for developers.
Back-end development languages
Having established a solid presence in the front-end arena, backend languages such as Ruby, Python, and others manage application logic, user authentication, and data processing. Because a full-stack developer works on both the front-end and the back-end, he or she must have a basic understanding of technical back-end programming languages. The following languages are required for backend development:
- Python – Python is a popular programming language for backend development, including frameworks like Django and Flask. Its simple syntax and diverse capabilities enable it to be used for a wide range of high-level object-oriented and organized programming tasks.
- HTTP and REST– The protocol needed to enable communication between the client and server is HTTP, so you need to get an understanding of it. Additionally, you should be aware of how important REST is to both web applications and the HTTP protocol. Some familiarity with SSL certificates and Chrome DevTools would be an advantage.
- Ruby – A backend web application can be developed using this programming language. Code simplification, dynamic typing, and object-oriented concepts are all features of this language. While coding, Ruby provides a variety of methods for problem solving. Ruby developed the open source framework known as Ruby on Rails to streamline developers’ work. One of the most used frameworks for back-end development among developers is Rails web.
- PHP – A fast, reliable and effective programming language. It is one of the most popular programming languages for backend development because of its advantages for server-side scripting and flexibility on many operating systems, including macOS, Unix, and Windows.
Acquiring skills in so many technologies and being an expert at all levels of web development can be a difficult endeavor at first. There are several resources available to study full-stack web development. Get started by joining a Full Stack certification course and learn firsthand about web development. Students who want to become Full Stack Web Developers, Front End developers who want to study backend programming or vice versa will benefit a lot from this course.